Historical Development of Police Agencies Essay

866 WordsDec 21, 20114 Pages
Running head: Law Enforcement Law Enforcement December 12, 2011 Introduction The criminal justice system has many components that make up its system. This paper will explore the historical development of police agencies and their jurisdiction, while analyzing their roles in contemporary society. It will describe the main types of law enforcement agencies, including local, state, and federal agencies and their components. Historical Development of Police Agencies Historically, policing in America mimicked that of the English. American ideas expanded on the English way of policing, to start an era of ever evolving police agencies. In the…show more content…
Law Enforcement Agencies Law enforcement in the United States is one of three major components of the criminal justice system of the United States, along with courts and corrections (Schmalleger, 2009). Although there is an inherent interrelatedness between the different groups that make up the criminal justice system based on their crime deterrence purpose, each component operates independently from one another (Schmalleger, 2009). For example, the judiciary is vested with the power to make legal determinations regarding the conduct of the other two components (Schmalleger, 2009). Apart from maintaining order and service functions, the purpose of policing is the investigation of suspected criminal activity and the referral of the results of investigations and of suspected criminals to the courts (Schmalleger, 2009). Law enforcement has varying degrees at different levels of government and in different agencies is also commonly charged with the responsibilities of deterring criminal activity and of preventing the successful commission of crimes in progress; the service and enforcement of warrants, writs and other orders of the courts (Schmalleger, 2009). In addition, law enforcement agencies are also involved in providing first response to emergencies and other threats to
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