Historical Evolution Of The American Two-Party System Analysis

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Explain historical evolution of the American two-party system and the functions parties perform in the American political system. “In spite of the founders’ fears, two major-political factions – the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists were formed even before the Constitution was ratified.” Sidlow, 2015, P 143) Federalists wanted stronger national government and Anti-Federalist (Jefferson Republicans) wanted states’ rights and feared government could become too powerful. In the election of 1796 was the first time candidates from different political party systems held strongly opposed party principles and this time period defined political life as we know it. For the next twenty years the Jefferson Republicans dominated American Politics. In the 1820’s the Jefferson Republicans split into two groups, supporters of Andrews Jackson called their party the Democrats, and the other group called themselves the National Republican Party (Whig Party). During the 1840’s and 1850’s Democrats and Whigs competed for the White House and the two party system fully emerged …show more content…

This was not associated with a single election; however, this was a major alteration in the political landscape. (Sidlow, 2015, p. 147) Until 1994 the Democrats continued to hold a majority in the House and the Senate, this was quite misleading because a majority of the Democrats in Congress sided with the Republicans on most issues, consequently, many of the Democrats were replaced by conservative republicans. At the end of the “rolling realignment” both parties were evenly matched which showed in the 2000 election with Bush and Gore, not to mention the Senate consisted of 50 Democrats and 50 Republicans and the Republican controlled the House by only 7

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