Historical and Scientific Perspectives on Homosexuality

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Historical and scientific perspectives on homosexuality In contemporary Western culture, choices about romantic love and sexuality are a critical aspect of individual self-definition. Whether someone is homosexual or heterosexual is thus also considered to be a crucial aspect of who he or she is as a human being. In previous eras, where individuals were married young, and entered into arranged marriages, this was not the case. Although people had same-sex desire, this desire was enjoyed outside of marriage. What was important for heterosexuals and homosexuals were the social obligations of partnership, children, and marriage, versus personal fulfillment in a romantic fashion. Every person, based on their biology, has a different physical, genetic inclination to like certain types of people, including specific genders of people. These orientations may be heterosexual or homosexual in nature. Different persons seem to have stronger or less strong inclinations to be attracted to a wide range of persons, as the existence of bisexuality suggests. However, bisexuality, just like homosexuality or heterosexuality, seems to be a culturally-constructed phenomenon. Women tend to manifest bisexual tendencies more often than men, perhaps because our culture is more comfortable with women openly showing affection to one another or because of biological reasons. Culture is what we as human beings 'do' with our biology. While culture cannot change every aspect of biology (no matter how

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