History 101 Midterm Study Guide

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I.Religion and Politics Sixteenth and seventeenth centuries
1.Explain age Discovery and expansion
i.God, gold and glory. ii.Merchants, adventures, and government officials had high hopes of finding metals and new areas of trade ( access to the spices )

i.European increased their resources and turned their energies beyond their boarders ii. Europe achieved a level of wealth and technology. iii.Maps and the axial rudder allowed more voyages for Europe

iii.Impact of expansion
i.new cultures as Europeans settled and mixed with native peoples. ii.Gave Europeans a feeling of superiority over other races. iii.The trade introduced new products to Europe and European products to peoples around the world.
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iv.Explain religious tolerance
i.Religious tolerance is the willingness to accept and permit religious beliefs and practices which disagree with one's own. ii.For individuals, religious tolerance generally means acceptance of other people's religions without totally agreeing with it. iii.Within a nation or ethnic group, it is acceptance of the right to hold beliefs that differ from the dominant religion, worship freely according to these beliefs and attempt to peacefully convince others to convert to that faith.
v.How did religious wars open the doors to secular perspective? vi.Discuss in writing your understanding of Martin Luther and the rise of Lutheranism.
i.Lutheranism is a major branch of Western Christianity that identifies with the theology of Martin Luther. ii. Luther's efforts to reform the theology and practice of the Roman Catholic Church launched the Protestant Reformation. iii.His main focus was salvation and after becoming a monk and studying theology iv.He discover another way of viewing his problems, to him humans are saved not through their good works but though faith in the promise of God, made possible by the sacrifice of Jesus on the cross.
v.He also believed in two only two sacraments. vi.The Bible is the final source for the truth about God, not a church or its priests. vii.The Bible is the final source for the truth about God, not a church or its priests. vii.What role role did John

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