History And Development Of Corrections

796 Words Aug 12th, 2015 4 Pages
The field of corrections is something that is always evolving, changing, correcting itself and making it better. Its history is filled with various reforms that have created what makes corrections what it is today. But, one has to wonder, what does its future hold? Will corrections continue to evolve and change, or remain the same? To consider what corrections will look like in five years, one would have to start by looking at its history to start. During the 1700’s, the basic punishments were aimed more on the body than the mind; prisoners were whipped, publically humiliated in pillories, and subject to harsh labor; this way of punishment changed in the late 18th century with Benjamin Rush and the Quakers, who improved conditions for the prisoners housed in the “Walnut Street Jail” in Philadelphia (“History and Development of Corrections 1700-Present”, n.d). Also, the ideas of the Quakers was expanded upon with the development of the Pennsylvania System, which allowed prisoners to serve sentences in isolation or separate from others; this wasn’t a strong practice of corrections due to prisoners acting out and being driven insane due to the lack of socializing with others. The other major system was the Auburn System or the “congregate” system; this system was defined by inmates “serving in silence,” so that they wouldn’t corrupt other prisoners (“History and Development of Corrections 1700-Present”, n.d). The Auburn System failed due to harsh punishment being instilled…
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