History And Evolution Of Management Thought

3132 Words May 19th, 2015 13 Pages
History and Evolution of Management Thought

Content:
Early Approaches to management
Classical Approach
Behavioral Approach
Quantitative Approach
Modern Approaches to management
Emerging approaches in management thought.
The changing nature of organizations and work, the drivers behind the changes, and the consequences for workers and the workplace “ENTERING AN ERA OF DYNAMIC ENGAGEMENT”
Six different themes about management theory are emerging under the umbrella that we call dynamic engagement. six management practices that impact climate

Introduction
Management and organizations are products of their historical and social times and places. Thus, we can understand the evolution of management theory in terms of how people have wrestled
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Second: Behavioral Approach
The behavioral approach to management emphasized individual attitudes and behaviors and group processes, and recognized the significance of behavioral process in the workplace.

HAWTHORNE STUDIES
Illumination studies
Relay assembly room study
Bank wiring room study

Contributions of Behavioral Thinkers to Management Thought
Mary Parker Follet (1868-1933)
Power, according to Follet, was the ability to influence and bring about a change.
Concept of integration, which involves finding a solution acceptable to all group members

Elton Mayo (1868-1933)

Abraham Maslow: Maslow’s Hierarchy of human needs
His theory rested on these assumptions.
1-Physiological needs;
2-Safety or security needs
3-Belongingness or social needs;
4-Esteem or status needs
5-Self actualization or self-fulfillment needs.

Douglas Mcgregor

Chris Argyris
Maturity – immaturity theory
People progress from a stage of immaturity and dependence to a state of maturity and independence.
Model I and Model II organization analysis:
Model I organization are manipulative
Model II organization are open to learning
Third: Quantitative Approach
It includes the application of statistics, optimization models, information models and computer simulations. More specifically, this approach focuses on achieving organizational effectiveness.
Three main branches:
Management Science
Operations Management and
Management Information Systems.

Management
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