History And Roles Of The Counseling Profession

1173 Words Aug 3rd, 2014 5 Pages
Many counseling professions have been cultivated out of a gap in traditional subjects. Psychology is a great example of how a subject can develop into multiple branches like sociology or philosophy or counseling. Counseling in particular is a relatively new branch compared to the other social sciences and had a complex history on its path to becoming a respectable career. Despite its humble beginnings, individuals still benefit from counseling. Counseling specifications allow a multi-team approach which increases the offerings to clients and promotes the client on the road to wellness. Combining multidisciplinary professions together in a team can foster an even better result for a client, allowing the gaps in disciplines to be …show more content…
The act placed an emphasis on identifying students who were strong on certain subjects in order to promote their development (Federal Role, 2012). This pursuit of ‘guidance’ counseling grew as professional associations such as the Association for Counselor Education and Supervision (ACES) were created. The associations defined roles of counselors, ethical standards, and provided a discussion platform for the profession (Paisley, 1995). The influence of professional associations created more division among the professions as the roles for counselors differed depending on their workplace setting. In 2010, various counseling associations finally accepted a consensus term for counseling. The 20/20: A Vision for the Future of Counseling Initiative defined counseling as “a professional relationship that empowers diverse individuals, families, and groups to accomplish mental health, wellness, education, and career goals” (Kaplan, 2011). In establishing this definition, the field of counseling had come a long way from its humble beginnings to a place of unity, and consensus with a clear vision for the future of the profession.
Development of School Counseling
The focus of the profession has developed further since Parson’s era due to legislation and influence by professional organizations. In addition, guidance counseling has grown into another specialty, school counseling. The American School Counselor Association (ASCA) appeared in
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