History And Roles Of The Counseling Profession

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Many counseling professions have been cultivated out of a gap in traditional subjects. Psychology is a great example of how a subject can develop into multiple branches like sociology or philosophy or counseling. Counseling in particular is a relatively new branch compared to the other social sciences and had a complex history on its path to becoming a respectable career. Despite its humble beginnings, individuals still benefit from counseling. Counseling specifications allow a multi-team approach which increases the offerings to clients and promotes the client on the road to wellness. Combining multidisciplinary professions together in a team can foster an even better result for a client, allowing the gaps in disciplines to be covered. This paper will review the history and roles of the counseling profession and describe ways to collaborate in a multi-disciplinary team.
History of Counseling
Counseling evolved out of early vocational guidance, commonly called guidance and social reform. Frank Parson is considered the founder of guidance (Gladding, 2012). Parson emphasized the concept of prevention which is one of the key philosophies of the counseling profession, along with wellness and resilience (Gladding, 2012). Myers (1992) defined prevention as “positive developmental growth and change as the key in maintaining mental health.” Wellness is also considered a major branch of the counseling profession and is described by Myers and Sweeney (2008) as a state of being
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