History And Social Background Of India

3115 Words Nov 12th, 2014 13 Pages
1 HISTORY AND SOCIAL BACKGROUND
India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area; the country is divided in twenty-eight states and seven union territories. It has a population of 1.2 billion people and is the most populous democracy in the world. A President, Prime Minister and two Houses of Parliament form government.
Seventeen distinct languages are spoken, but since it was a British colony for over 100 years, Hindi and English are the official languages. Religions is subdivided in: Hinduism (83%), Muslim (11%), Christian (2%), Sikh (1.9%), Other (1.8%).
The Indian social system is defined by a caste system. Caste is the division of society into rigid classes, which define one 's status, occupation, and relationships. There are four specific castes: Brahmins, Khastriyas, Vaishyas, Shudras.
Mahatma Gandhi was the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

2 ECONOMY
Economically India ranks 10th place just behind Italy and Russia in terms of nominal GDP. In 2014 India’s GDP is expected to rise up to $2.05 trillion with a growth rate of 5.6%. This growth underlines a steady phase of economic growth for over 30 years of rates between 2% and 10%. Meanwhile Inflation in India has also been steadily rising an average of 10% p.a . The predominant sectors that contribute to…
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