History And Social Background Of India

3115 Words Nov 12th, 2014 13 Pages
India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area; the country is divided in twenty-eight states and seven union territories. It has a population of 1.2 billion people and is the most populous democracy in the world. A President, Prime Minister and two Houses of Parliament form government.
Seventeen distinct languages are spoken, but since it was a British colony for over 100 years, Hindi and English are the official languages. Religions is subdivided in: Hinduism (83%), Muslim (11%), Christian (2%), Sikh (1.9%), Other (1.8%).
The Indian social system is defined by a caste system. Caste is the division of society into rigid classes, which define one 's status, occupation, and relationships. There are four specific castes: Brahmins, Khastriyas, Vaishyas, Shudras.
Mahatma Gandhi was the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

Economically India ranks 10th place just behind Italy and Russia in terms of nominal GDP. In 2014 India’s GDP is expected to rise up to $2.05 trillion with a growth rate of 5.6%. This growth underlines a steady phase of economic growth for over 30 years of rates between 2% and 10%. Meanwhile Inflation in India has also been steadily rising an average of 10% p.a . The predominant sectors that contribute to…
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