History And Theories Of Counseling

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Among the many issues that face the counseling profession, counseling culturally diverse clients is one of the most challenging. Becoming culturally competent is a road that all counselors must travel in order to be truly effective. In order to successfully travel that road, counselors must have multicultural training with the intended destination being culturally competency. Cultural competence requires trainees to become aware of their own world views, their assumptions of human behavior, their misinformation and lack of knowledge, and most importantly, their biases and their prejudices (Sue & Sue, 2016). Because of the complexity of working with populations from diverse backgrounds, a broad range of counseling theories and research is needed. Impact of History and Theories of Counseling Cultural blindness still plagues the counseling profession because a lack of a theory on cultural oppression and its relationship to the development of world views. Counselors tend to respond according to their own conditioned values, assumptions, and perspectives of reality without regard for other views (Sue, 1978). Since past concepts of counseling and psychotherapy have particularly favored the Euro Americans in origin, most of the philosophical assumptions and values are strongly endorsed by Western civilizations (Sue & Sue, 2016). It can be potentially oppressive to clients if counselors don’t act on the basis of a critical analysis and understanding of their own

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