History And Uses Of Cognitive Behavior Therapy

2133 Words Apr 23rd, 2016 9 Pages
History and Uses

Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) grew out of dissatisfaction of certain therapists with traditional psychoanalysis. Aaron Beck and Albert Ellis were both instrumental in the development of this approach to psychotherapy (Van Bilsen, p. 7), though Beck, a psychoanalyst, is primarily credited with its development. Beck did research on depression, in the 1950’s, which was intended to give evidence in support of the theory that retroflected hostility was at the root of depression, but the research failed to confirm his hypothesis. As a result, he expanded his research on depression and came to the realization that depressed subjects held predictably negative thoughts about themselves, the future and the world around them. He referred to these thoughts as ‘automatic thoughts’. He also discovered that when these thoughts were addressed in therapy, clients improved far more quickly than they did with traditional psychoanalysis. (J.S. Beck, 2010)
Although CBT appeared as a model for psychotherapy about 50 years ago, many of the tenets that undergird it have been around since ancient times. Aaron Beck also spoke of the relationship between CBT and Stoic philosophy. In Cognitive Therapy and Emotional Disorders, he said, “These assumptions converge on a relatively new approach to emotional disorders. Nevertheless, the philosophical underpinnings go back thousands of years, certainly to the time of the Stoics, who considered man’s conceptions (or…
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