History

3241 Words Apr 29th, 2016 13 Pages
Exam 2:
Chapter 28-32
Atlantic revolutions (American, French, Haitian, Latin America)
Rise of nationalism
Industrialization
Global transitions: the americas, the ottoman empire, Romanov Russia, Qin China, Japan.
Global empires.
Atlantic Revolutions:
In the early modern period (1450-1750. Period of early European exploration and contact. It caused the establishment of european commercial empires. Primary tributary, it focused on trade, and some settler comics. This caused there to be “nation-states”, in tern proto-industrialization in europe (innovation)
Europe started into three major processes:
Revolution, (and nationalism)
Industrialization
Imperialism
Lastly the Rise of the “nation-state”
Age of Enlightenment
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Nationalism:
The belief, creed or political ideology that involves an individual identifying with or becoming attached to one’s nation. This involved the use of Flags, anthems, holidays, census/statistics, education, and finally propaganda. It was produced not natural.
Cultural nationalism: Nationalism was a project.
Congress of Vienna 1814-15
This was a meeting of the “great Powers” Following the fall of Napoleon. It involved Austria, Great Britain, Prussia, and Russia. They wanted to restore pre-revolutionary order across Europe, and return the sovereignty to the royal families that had been outed. This established a balance between European Powers that lasted until WW1. The mastermind of all this was Klemens von Metternich, the Prince of Austria.
Political Nationalism.
While very similar to regular nationalism it was the idea of political loyalty to the nation-state. And the political mobilization of cultural nationalism. It was most closely associated with nationalist movements across Europe. Specifically the rebellions.
It was a double edged sword. There was both Unity, as well as conflict
Italy
It was made up of regional kingdoms and city-states. After the fall of Napoleon north Italy was dominated by Austria, and Southern Italy was dominated by Spain. In the north Mazzini's (young Italy) were uprising. In the south Garibaldi (red shirt army) united to form the KIngdom of Italy.
Germany
It was filled

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