The invention of pottery was a tremendous step for the start of humans. Pottery has given humans the ability to store food and water. Cooking requires some kind of surface to cook. While the men were hunting, most likely the women were the first to present the idea of pottery. Women played a huge role in society, they were the major providers of food. During the Ice Age there was limited supply of plants and animals, so humans had to create pottery to help store for later. The first domestications of food sources happen even before animals were domesticated. Some scientists say that domestication of plant food sources was accidently or it was done on propose, but there is not a lot of evidence to point to one or the other. I think the invention
The first tools developed during the Paleolithic Era were made from chipped stones, wood and bone, and "nets from plant fibers and animal sinew" (Holt, Rinehart, & Wilson, n.d.: 2). The Neolithic Era brought forth greater specialization. People began to make chisels, drills, and saws to address specific needs and also polished stones to create sharper and more defined points (Holt, Rinehart, & Wilson, n.d.: 2). Language scholars trace the development of the first forms of systematized language to this era: "The crucial evolutionary development that led to the burst in creativity in the Neolithic was the emergence of human language as a method for integrating across cognitive modules" (MacWhinney 2005: 383). During this era, the use of stones began to have a utilitarian purpose in a manner that showed more sophisticated thinking.
In conclusion, the lives of the people living in the Paleolithic and the Neolithic time period were different in many ways and a like also. Through the improvements in technology, education, and culture they were able to enhance the quality of life throughout these two periods. As man's mind increased, it led into the new age, and the start of what may be civilization, as we know
Unlike Paleolithic time's, man could have more leisure time to spend. This led him to broaden the society he was living in and led to increased populations in the Neolithic Age. The more people there were the more discovery man made during this time. The invention of agriculture led to the settled life. Since man no longer needed to roam, all they had to do was put a seed in the ground and watch it grow. Tool and weaponry became more advanced, and pottery and the potters wheel was invented.
How has human intelligence and curiosity influenced the development of technology throughout history? From the beginning of time, starting with the hunting and gathering societies, technology always existed. Granted it was a lot different than the technology created in the industrial time period and light-years away from the technology we have today. It is human nature to seek out ways to do things better, easier, faster, and that’s where curiosity is tied in. According to Gerhard and Jean Lenski, “societies change over time through the process of socio-cultural evolution, the effect on society as that society gains access to new tools and
The Paleolithic and Neolithic periods displayed major cultural differences in religion, lifestyles, government, and technology. “Culture is the way of life of a group of people. Culture includes common practices of a society, its shared understandings, and its social organizations are always changing” (McDougal, World History: Patterns of Interaction, 2004) The Paleolithic time period was full of inventions and was a time where new technology and lifestyles were blossoming through all cultures. Tools made out of pressure flaked stone and rock were created during this period to help with everyday tasks. The Paleolithic period was also the period where the creations of fires were discovered along with religion and languages. The Neolithic age, however, was more technologically improved, than the Paleolithic age. This was the start of the agricultural revolution and the start of civilizations and societies. These two periods were ever changing.
A huge factor in a civilizations success was their technology. Many technological discoveries made in these cultures are still used today. These include the wheel, knowledge of horse, domestication, farming, pottery, sail boats, maps and
Political, economic, and social conditions have often led to turning points that have changed the course of history for nations and people. The Paleolithic Era and Neolithic Revolution was a turning point that changed the orbit of history for mankind. In Documents 1, 2, and 4, they explain life before the Neolithic Revolution and what changed during the period and provide an analysis of results of the revolution. They introduce food supply and settlement, and civilization and trade.
In the beginning of the Paleolithic Era, bands of humans progressively migrated from East Africa to Eurasia, Australia, and then to the Americas while adapting to their new regions. During the Paleolithic era, hominids used crude tools like clubs and choppers to crack open bones, simple axes, and scrapers to prepare animal hides. As the years went on the Neanderthal, Cro-Magnon, and Homo sapiens amended these tools and created new ones. They made these tools so that they can provide shelter, protection, defense from other predators, food, and also clothing. As the Paleolithic era was ending, the hominids were building much more innovative wood and stone structures. They also started
Over 10,000 years ago humans’ lives were spent hunting and gathering just to survive. That all changed when some humans figured out how to capture animals and plant wild seeds so that they could control their food supply. This change in how people lived is known as the Neolithic Revolution and it ultimately led to the beginnings of civilization. The Neolithic Revolution is considered a turning point in human history because it led to permanent settlements, improvements in technology and the development of social classes and job specialization.
Key Concept 1.2. The Neolithic Revolution and Early Agricultural Societies II. Agriculture and pastoralism began to transform human societies. B. Technological innovations led to improvements in agricultural production, trade, and transportation. Pottery improved agricultural production because it gave a way to store a surplus of food.
Arnold Pacey published Technology in World Civilization: A Thousand Year History in the year 1991. Arnold Pacey was an associate lecturer at The Open University in Britain as well as an author to three additional books: Meaning in Technology, The Maze of Ingenuity, The Culture of Technology. He published all four of his books within a ten-year span. Arnold Pacey was trained as an engineer but is well known as a historian of technology because of the conclusions he drew of society and technology and their relationship. Society is defined as the aggregate of people living together in a more or less ordered community. Technology is defined as the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, especially in industry. Technology influences every aspect of our lives today, but we often forget that it profoundly affected the lives of past generations dating back to the beginning of civilization. Perhaps not to today’s extent, but the impact was still dramatic. New inventions or innovations produced more food, created new processes and tools, made life easier and made war more devastating. This course traces the evolution of technology and its impact on civilization from the creation of elementary tools up to today’s latest devices and even looks into future technologies.
Since the Age of Forages, human population accelerated exponentially. The proliferating population shrank the area of assigned land of each person and therefore increased the difficulty for people to exploit enough natural resources to sustain their lives. Such environmental limitation resulted in Foragers’ migration to various places around the globe, which required the invention of new technologies. The migration to Inner Asia, for example, suggested Foragers’ adaptation to technologies that allowed them to hunt large mammals such as deer and horse and to protect themselves from the extreme cold (24). In addition, in order to survive and adapt the environment, human beings were forced to create new technologies such as step-like terraces and irrigation (42). Such advanced technologies practiced by farmers in the Agrarian Era ensured their better exploitation of the environment compared to the Foragers. Moreover, the unique geographic factors caused by the environmental changes in the past could also influence humans’ “receptiveness to innovations”(77). The author suggests that the presence of abundant coal mines in British and northwestern Europe encouraged European’s discoveries of new energies and the invention of the steam engine in the Modern Era
The third artifact to answer my question is a collage. The collage contains images and quotes about technology. During the creation of this collage I realized that technology isn’t just computers or smartphones. It’s anything that has been invented to make the tasks of life easier. Some of the most notable inventions pictured in the collage are: fire (the containment of), simple machines, the steel plow, the steam engine, the airplane, the light bulb, penicillin, the computer, and the internet (Baxter). The main point of the collage is that we increment technology over time, that we affect technology in a way that allows us to progress the abilities of humanity.
For example, an early man may use a spearhead to hunt animals for food or protect themselves from danger. In the reading, the author mentions that early man used basic materials to form stone and bone tools. Though the things they made are simple, we learn from how they create their tools into better ones. Humans use their brain to develop new products using different techniques. The ongoing development of technology and tools continue to completely change our lives.