History Of Development Of The Two Year College

1600 WordsOct 25, 20147 Pages
The history of the development of the two-year college as presented by Cohen and Brawer (1987, 2003), Dougherty (1994), Townsend and Twombly (2001), and Hutcheson (1999) indicates that most two-year institutions started out as junior colleges, providing the first two years of a bachelor 's degree for those living in rural areas without nearby universities and a chance to explore options for those who were undecided about their careers. From the first community college established in 1901 in Joliet, Illinois (Dougherty 1994), the number of community colleges across the United States multiplied until the 1980s. After World War II the GI Bill of Rights promised returning veterans access to higher education. In the 1960s the Johnson Administration used the community college as “a key weapon in its War On Poverty,” supporting growth to the extent that “by late in the decade, a new community college opened every week” (Nystrand and Duffy 10). With the Center for Educational Statistics showing enrollments of over 2.1 million students in 654 community colleges as of 1970, more students were beginning their college careers at two-year community colleges than at their four-year counterparts, and by 1980 more than 4.5 million students were enrolled in community colleges (Brint and Karabel 198). Local school and other government officials were motivated to support the establishment of community colleges to meet the needs of business, the demands of families for affordable
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