History Of Eugenics

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Since the mid-1800s, standardized tests have played a part in America’s education system. In 1969, the Federal Department of Education began focusing on the educational achievement of students. In 1994, the Clinton administration revised the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, created during the War on Poverty, to reduce achievement gaps in kindergarten through twelfth grade public education. The Clinton administration made every state that received money from the federal government for high-poverty schools begin testing their students annually. In 2002, President George W. Bush created another reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act - the No Child Left Behind Act; which focused on giving all children the opportunity…show more content…
According to Wayne Au, Social Justice and Assistant Professor of Social Studies at the University of Washington and author of “Rethinking Multicultural Education: Teaching for Racial and Cultural Justice,” Under the title of ‘educational reform’ the American eugenics movement has influenced many of the nation’s most powerful and influential policy makers and educational researchers. Eugenics is a study that desires to enhance or reduce the racial caliber of future generations - physically or mentally. Eugenics was driven by the panic of the upper and middle white class. Since the U.S. experienced social and economic disruption in the early 20th century, job competition increased, which led to conflict along racial terms. Eugenics then weaved its way into education reform, “playing a key role in teacher training, curriculum, development and school organization.” Eugenics pushed the idea that standards in education could be measured through “single-numbered scores.” Soon, eugenics began measuring the worth of students, this time,…show more content…
Yet, in reality, standardized testing does still follow the eugenic path of thinking because these tests weed out those students who understand the material from those who do not, the tests that were created through the eugenic
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