History Of The Asia Pacific Region

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POLICY DECISION AND OBJECTIVE: On (time) the President approved in principle of a package of military assistance that allow the United States Army reinforce its position in allies in the Asia – Pacific Region to block the ambition of China on the sea. A National Security Council meeting has been scheduled for (…..) to decide the form this assistance will take. BACKGROUND: The United States is a power nation whose interests directly relates to stabilities, securities and development of the Asia – Pacific region. It is not only because the United States has 5 states that have Pacific Ocean shorelines but also due to important allies in this region. Whatever in the Asia – Pacific region happens may matter to the United States, and whatever…show more content…
The development of economics of many countries such as China, Taiwan, Japan, South Korea, and Singapore critically relies on this maritime route. The most used routes for trade and communication among Europe, the Middle East, and the Far East are sea-lanes that stretch in the South China Sea and up to 700 ships pass through these sea lanes daily. In term of security and defense, the Asia – Pacific Region has been one of the United States priorities and the need for American engagement in this region is demonstrated in the long history. After Cold War, the military presence of Soviet Union (Russia later) had been reduced in this region. It is said that, in 15 – 20 coming years, this region hardly becomes the priorities for the strategy national security of Russia. Although the United States cut off the number of soldiers and bases in allies countries, its military presence in this region is significant to defend national security, assert the United States leadership and reassurance its allies. Indonesia is an important security partner of the United States and the world’s largest Muslim majority state. Eleven of top 15 largest militaries in the world are in this region. Of the five global challenges that the United States are facing currently (ISIS – Islamic State of Iraq and Syria; North Korea, China, Russia and Iran), four are in the Indo-Asia-Pacific. The rising of China in the region is potential challenge to
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