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A GLOSSARY OF LITERARY TERMS LITERARY DEVICES Alliteration: The repetition of initial consonant sounds used especially in poetry to emphasize and link words as well as to create pleasing, musical sounds. Example—the fair breeze blew, the white foam flew. Allusion: A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art to enrich the reading experience by adding meaning. Characterization: Techniques a writer uses to create and develop a character by what: • he/she does or says, • other characters say about him/her, or how they react to him/her • the author reveals directly or through a narrator. Dialect: Speech that reflects pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar typical of a…show more content…
Poetry: A literary work that uses concise, colorful, often rhythmic language to express ideas or emotions. Examples: ballad, blank verse, free verse, elegy, limerick, sonnet. Prose: A literary work that uses the familiar spoken form of language, sentence after sentence. Realistic Fiction: Writing that attempts to show life as it really is. Drama: Also called a play, this writing form uses dialogue to share its message and is meant to be performed in front of an audience. Science Fiction: Writing based on real or imaginary scientific developments and often set in the future. Essay: A short piece of nonfiction that expresses the writer’s opinion or shares information about a subject. Short Story: Shorter than a novel, this piece of literature can usually be read in one sitting. Because of its le ngth, it has only a few characters and focuses on one problem or conflict. Fable: A short story that often uses talking animals as the main characters and teaches an explicit moral or lesson. Fantasy: A story set in an imaginary world in which the characters usually have supernatural powers or abilities. Folktale: A story originally passed from one generation to another by word of mouth only. The characters are usually all good or all bad and in the end are rewarded or punished as they deserve. Tall Tale: A humorous, exaggerated story often based on the life of a real person. The exaggerations build until the character can

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