History, Philosophy And Miscellaneous Works

881 Words Feb 8th, 2016 4 Pages
Literature Review
Libraries have a long history towards the ancient world as places used to keep important records such as clay tablets, transcripts and many texts. Many records were destroyed in the course of wars or purposely by some rulers with the changes in government. As a result, writing of literature as well as record keeping was encouraged where classification schemes were initiated to preserve those records of all times. The first formal classification was categorizing the writings into four types, the classics, history, philosophy and miscellaneous works. (Library, 2016). However, these broad categories didn’t help much in guiding to access the increasing collection. The result was, introducing Dewey Decimal Classification as a scheme for the classification of the documents/ materials. (Library, 2016).
Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC)
DDC was an invention of Melvil Dewey in 1876. He was an Assistant Librarian at Amherst College when he published DDC as “A Classification and subject index for cataloging and arranging the books pamphlets of a library”. (Yoon, J. 2014). The system was formulated to organize the contents of the library based on the subject areas divided into 10 main groups where each group is given 100 numbers. For example, Religion belongs in 200 – 299. (DDC, 2016). This numerical classification gives identification for the item as well as a location tool which ensures the books under the same subject are kept together in a common area. (Wiercioch,…
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