History Theology Ritual Liturgy Pastoral Issues on Confirmation as a Sacrament

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Bogachan Demirci STM 322C-170 Sacraments & Symbols Research Paper September 9, 2012 The History, Theology, Ritual/Liturgy, Pastoral Issues of Confirmation as a Sacrament “Sacraments are actions, and they function as rituals: they repeat gestures and words that are meaningful to those who perceive them. Sacraments affect more than the thoughts and feelings of participants because they have to be understood psychologically and theologically. There are seven sacraments in Catholicism: Baptism, Confirmation, Marriage, The Eucharist, Penance, Anointing the Sick and Holy Orders. People learn and remember and they remember from practice of prayer and of the involvement and preparation of the sacraments. (Martos 2009). These…show more content…
Baptism is very important, in the East, it would be very difficult for a bishop to give every baptism; the priest performs the confirmation using the chrism consecrated by the Bishop. In the West, there is a separation of time between Baptism and Confirmation. Bishops give confirmation after Baptism and only when a child reaches the age of reason. In the West, The desire to reserve the completion of Baptism to the Bishop caused a separation between the two sacraments. He can do so only with the approval of the Bishop. From 1291 - 1292, the Roman Church conducted Confirmation by a double anointing with sacred oil after Baptism. The first anointing new person on coming out of the baptismal bath performed by priest, then completed by second appointing on the forehead by newly baptized by the Bishop. In addition, Easter in Church gave greater emphasis on the unity of Confirmation as a Christian initiation. Latin Church clearly expresses the communion of the new Christian with Bishop as guarantor and servant of the unity, catholicity and apostolicity of the Church and establishes connection with the apostolic origins of Christ’s Church. By 1293, Confirmation as a spiritual seal (receiving the mark of the Holy Spirit) with the use chrism aromatic oil consecrated by the Bishop. Confirmation is a sign of, cleansing and strengthening, abundance of joy, a sign of healing, a sign of

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