History Women's Soccer Research

1418 WordsApr 14, 20136 Pages
* Title IX * Demanded equal funding to all genders for federal-funded education programs in 1972 * 1979 was the Title IX Athletics Policy Interpretation * In 1970, 1/25 North American school girls participated in a school sport….in 2006, it has increased to 1/3. * Soccer is 4th most popular, after basketball, volleyball, and cross country * Soccer holds the greatest growth curve: In 1977, only 2.8% of campuses offered soccer for women, however 88.6% of campuses offer it now – an increase by 40 times (40 fold increase). (Williams 2007, 34). * “Very little has been given that has not been carefully asked for, shrewdly lobbied in favour of and defended on behalf of the women’s football community”…show more content…
* The American Youth Soccer Organization was created in 1964 to provide a structure for the nation’s young soccer players to follow. With this support, girls teams appeared with much more regularity than in the past (248). * In 1977, Brown University created the first varsity women’s soccer team, though the team’s only competition was a Canadian team from Lake Champlain. Other schools, such as Yale, Harvard, and Tufts quickly followed suit (248). * April Heinrichs (UNC) and Michelle Akers (Central Florida) were two of the first female soccer terrors to take the field in college competition (250-253). * The first Olympic Festival for women’s soccer was held in Baton Rouge, Louisiana in 1985 by the Olympic Committee and the U.S. Soccer Federation and led to the creation of the first national team (252). * During the following two years, several other big names, such as Kristine Lilly, Julie Foudy, and Joy Fawcett also joined the team and led them to international victory as soon as 1986 against Canada (254). * Mia Hamm joined the USWNT as a starting forward in 1987 at age 15, youngest on the team by over a year (255). * She was a sophomore at UNC when FIFA announced approval for the first world cup competition for women, then called the Women’s World Championship (256). * When the USWNT touched down in China on November 17, 1991, the
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