Essay about History: World War I and Bold Experiments

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Bold Experiments in an Era of­Industrialization,­1877–1929
This part covers the following chapters in Henretta et al., America’s History, Seventh Edition: Chapter­17­ The Busy Hive: Industrial America at Work, 1877–1911 Chapter 18 The Victorians Meet the Modern, 1880–1917 Chapter 19 “Civilization’s Inferno”: The Rise and Reform of Industrial Cities, 1880 –1917 Chapter 20 Whose Government? Politics, Populists, and Progressives, 1880 –1917 Chapter 21 An Emerging World Power, 1877–1918 Chapter 22 Wrestling with Modernity, 1918 –1929

Part 5

Essential Questions
After studying the chapters in Part 5, you should know how to answer the following questions: 1. Why and how did American society industrialize during the late nineteenth
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enters WWI (1917) “Red Scare” (1919) Wilson’s Fourteen Points (1918)


Triangle Woodrow Shirtwaist Fire Wilson (1911) elected president U.S. becomes (1913) a creditor nation Eighteenth Amendment: Great Migra- Federal tion of African income tax Americans to (1913) factory work in the North Economic prosperity (1922 –1929) Republican ascendancy (1920 –1932) National women’s suffrage (1921) Prohibition (1921–1933)


Heyday of second Ku Klux Klan

Rise of Hollywood Harlem Renaissance Emergence of jazz

Treaty of Versailles rejected by U.S. Senate (1920)

Visiting the United States in 1905, British visitor James Bryce remarked on its “prodigious material development.” He wrote that “rural districts are being studded with villages, the villages are growing into cities, the cities are stretching out long arms of suburbs.” Bryce was witnessing America’s birth as a global industrial power. In 1866 the nation was overwhelmingly rural and dependent on foreign capital as it recovered from a crippling civil war. By 1929, industrialization had introduced new ways of working and living. The United States also began to assert itself on the world stage, claiming overseas territories and playing a decisive role in World War I. Industrialization required political innovation. As former




PART 5 Bold Experiments in an Era of Industrialization, 1877–1929

president Theodore
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