History and Evolution of the Ict Industry in Zambia

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THE UNIVERSITY OF ZAMBIA SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING NAME: Nash H Kabunda PROGRAMME: M.Eng ICT COURSE: EEE6511 (Telecoms Industry, Policy & Regulation) TASK: Assignment 2 LECTURER: Dr. D. Banda HISTORY AND EVOLUTION OF THE ICT INDUSTRY IN ZAMBIA. The first telephone exchange to be placed in Zambia was installed in Livingstone in 1913. The telephone circuit backbone infrastructure was developed in the major Zambian cities along the so called “line of rail”. The ‘line of rail’ spans from Livingstone through Lusaka to Copperbelt provinces. After the independence of Zambia in 1964, the country’s economy was based on socialistic principles until 1991. This means major…show more content…
The authority managed and granted licenses to organizations and individuals who met the prescribed conditions. CAZ, through the Radio communication Act managed the administration of the radio frequency spectrum. Furthermore, the Telecommunications Act led to the splitting of the Post and Telecommunications Corporation (PTC) into two commercial entities: ZAMTEL and ZAMPOST. Zamtel managed the telecommunication services whereas ZAMPOST managed postal services. Liberalizing the Zambian economy opened up the telecommunication markets for many players. This meant that telecommunication and postal services could not only be provided by Zamtel and Zampost. The introduction of competition in the telecommunication market provided for enhanced service delivery and innovation as the companies had to share the existing and growing customer base. However, fixed lines still belong to Zamtel and hence they maintained a form of monopoly in the fixed line business. The mobile phone market allowed other players to compete. The market became bigger with the popularity and accessibility of the mobile access devices. The advent of mobile phones in Zambia led to a reduction in the fixed line tele-density. However, internet was still provided by Zamtel through its wired connections and microwave. Other institutions such as banks and Zambia Electricity Supply Corporation used their own
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