History and Museum – Instilling National Identity and Multiculturalism by display of History in Museum

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Museum is a place of presenting and preserving history of a country or a place with educational implication. Museums, as stated by Brown and Davis-Brown (1998, p. 19), “help to preserve a collective national memory and thence to constitute a collective national identity”. The way of displaying war photos and different exhibits may have functions of raising national identity and present multiculturalism to audience. This essay will be discussed about how nationalization and multiculturalism presents through history in China’s museum from examine several museums in China. China as a communism country usually takes various measure to remain the stability of the country to emphasis the identity of People’s Republic of Chinese other than…show more content…
It is a big issue to emphasis national identity of Chinese in general and balances the ethnic cultural identity in the same time. National Museum of China didn't mention about the development and culture of ethnic groups. However, the multi culture message is actually hidden in the content of the exhibitions. Ancient China covered the Chinese history from the Yuanmou Man to the Qing Dynasty has a permanent collection of over two thousands exhibits which provided a complete picture of the long Chinese history. From the prehistoric times to the last imperial dynasty, the exhibition meant to display a picture of abundant culture and continuous evolution of Chinese civilization to voice out the message of this prosperous country. The introduction of the Ancient China exhibition mentioned: “It also demonstrates the historical process of building a multi-ethnic country by Chinese people from different ethnic groups, their splendid political, economic, and cultural achievements, and their contributions to human civilization.” Although the ethnic issues seems ignored in the National museum of China, the ethnical awareness still reveal in the words. The message of spreading China as a country of diligence, wisdom, and peace, has made contributions

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