History and Pros of Animal Testing Essay

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History and Pros of Animal Testing

Abstract:
Animal research refers to the use of non-human animals for testing or experimenting on. The first recorded use of animals for testing started with the Greeks in the third and fourth century BC. The use of animals for testing is usually in the basic fields of; biomedical research, security, evaluation and education of a product. It is estimated that almost 50 million—100 million animals are tested on and killed annually, but this is usually done to make a product safer for humans.
Part one: History
There has been no earlier reference to testing of animals, than in the writing of the Greeks. In about the third or fourth century BC, Aristotle (384-322 BC) and Erasistratus (304-258 BC) were two
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However, one of the most famous animal testing happened in 1996; Dolly, the first mammal to be cloned, was born. In history, animal testing has brought a lot of scientific accomplishments but, along with the accomplishments there have also been a lot of preventions of animal testing in history as well.
In 1789, an animal testing moral debate was started by Barristor and Jeremy Beuthom they were quoted to say, “Can the animals suffer?” (CAAT) After this debate in 1813 by the two debaters, Marshall Hall proposed a Code of Ethics for experimenting on animals. In England of 1895, Queen Victoria asked to condemn the horrible practice of testing on animals. However, a British surgeon testified that this would restrict and prevent further scientific discoveries. In 1876, right before the Pasteur used animals to study infectious disease, the British Curelty to Animals Act was unveiled. In this act animal testers had to apply for a license each year before testing on animals. And also any experiments that would inflict pain to the animals would need special permissions. (CAAT) The Three R’s of animal testing was introduced in 1989 by Russell and Burch when the published “The Principles of Human Experimental Techniques.” This publication stated:
-Replacement—use alternative methods
-Reduction—reduce number of animals used in each experiment
-Refinement—to reduce suffering on the animals, improve the experiment.
Besides preventions and restrictions…

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