Essay on History of Abortion in the United States

963 Words 4 Pages
Before 1820 abortion was legal and practiced, despite the fact that it was a dangerous procedure and more often than not resulted in the death of the mother. it wasn't until after 1821 that abortion started to become regulated and laws were set in place (lewis 2011). in 1879 the first law to be set up was in Connecticut, it was targeted towards merchants that sold poisons to cause miscarriages and drugs to prevent pregnancy and banned the use of the products. By the late 1800s even though abortion was illegal in most states it was still done under the table. Most people didn't get persecuted for illegally performing an abortion, mostly because of a lack of proof that the abortion was performed. the fetus was often disposed of and without …show more content…
Connecticut, the law worked irrational discrimination by denying the right to possess contraceptives by unmarried couples” thus the court extended the previous ruling to unmarried couples giving them the right to possess and use contraceptives as well (McBride 2006). before the 1972 the only way to obtain contraceptives was from a doctor or licensed pharmacist in the 1973 Roe v. Wade court case the supreme court recognized a woman's right to choose abortion. In 1969, Norma L. McCorvey discovered she was pregnant with her third child and wanted an abortion, living in texas, a state that abortion was illegal except in cases of rape and incest, she falsely stated she had been raped in order to obtain a legal abortion, the ruse failed though because there was no police record of a reported rape. two recently graduated lawyers named Linda Coffee and Sarah Weddington brought a lawsuit on behalf of Norma, now under the alias “Roe”, claiming the Texas law criminalizing most abortions violated her constitutional rights. “In a 7-2 decision written by Justice Harry Blackmun (who was chosen because of his prior experience as counsel to the Mayo Clinic), the Court ruled that the Texas statute violated Jane Roe's constitutional right to privacy. The Court then argued that the ‘zone of privacy’ was ‘broad enough…