History of Agricultural Extension

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A TERM PAPER ON THE HISTORY OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION IN NIGERIA AND ONDO STATE BY ALE, A.B (AEE/09/8837) SUBMITTED TO PROFESSOR EWUOLA AEE 835 COURSE LECTURER JUNE, 2010 Introduction The history of a particular subject, people, profession or any phenomenon provides a record of events which took place in the past to enable us to appreciate the status, strengths and weaknesses of the events which took place in the past. This serves as a guide to others so as not to fall into the pitfalls of predecessors. A lot of researchers have documented these in the past and they are given in their own words. A summary is then made from all the various accounts of how agricultural extension began in Nigeria. Before giving a…show more content…
Extension activities were therefore directed towards increasing efficiency in crop production and marketing. Regulations were made to set and enforce standards in export crop production. The colonial government also established some agricultural development schemes to upgrade the skills of farmers and to produce agricultural commodities. The Kware irrigation scheme was established in 1926. It was situated 16miles or 25.74 kilometres north of Sokoto town. Its purposes were to increase rice yields and provide experimental data on production under severe drought during dry season and flooding during the rains. The scheme started with 1000 acres or 405 hectares involving 800 farmers with farms situated along the river banks. The irrigation scheme employed the shadoof which is an ancient Egyptian technique, also used by the Sudanese. The scheme did not attain much of its objectives because (a) the irrigation scheme (shardoof) was inadequate on large farms; (b) it is a slow technique of irrigation; (c) it was difficult to collect cost of services from users; (d) in 1943, 1945 and 1954, river Rima over-flooded and washed away most of the rice crop; and (e) use of manure was not popular among the farmers. The colonial period also witnessed the establishment of the Niger Agricultural project in 1949 with the aims of producing groundnut
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