History of Early North American Colonies Essay

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The European conquest for establishing North American colonies began with various motivations, each dependent on different, and/or merging necessities: economics, the desire to flee negative societal aspects, and the search for religious freedoms. Originally discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492 in search for a trade route to Cathay (China), North America remained uninhabited, excluding the Native American establishments. Following this discovery, Spain –along with other European nations such as France, England, Sweden and the Netherlands– soon began the expedition to the new land with vast expectations. Driven by economic, societal, and religious purposes, the New World developed into a diversely structured colonial establishment…show more content…
When traveling to London from urban areas created overpopulation in the city, and increasingly horrendous conditions, the move to a more prosperous land seemed more and more inviting. This idea was further enhanced by the works of English Richard Hakluyt in novels such as The Principal Navigations, Voyages, and Discoveries of the English Nation, and Voyages, where readers were given false insight into a vastly successful New World, theoretically open for prosperous settlement. Those which moved to London with abortive attempts to find work, or which experienced the scarcity of food/land supplies between 1580 and 1650, found these inviting opportunities as an escape to otherwise, inevitable poverty. Conversely, those living in stable, prosperous societies, with satisfactory social statuses, were less likely to be motivated by the influential works of Richard Hakluyt and the overall conquest of America. Those experiencing religious unrest among the Catholic Church and the Protestants embraced the opportunity to establish new settlements in the New World. For years, the Protestants and Catholics battled for territory; during the reign of Edward VI, Protestants attempted to exterminate Catholic origins, and following his death, Queen Mary’s rule involved the execution of Protestants. To escape religious conflicts, Plymouth, for instance, rose from Pilgrims’ fleeing England to form primarily a religious settlement of Puritan Separatists. Despite the successful formation
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