History of Education in Northern Nigeria

3189 Words Nov 17th, 2012 13 Pages
HISTORY OF EDUCATION IN NORTHERN NIGERIA

BY

EMMANUEL IWUH/DI: 440

Being a Term Paper Submitted to the Philosophy Department of Dominican institute of Philosophy and Theology, Samonda Ibadan. (In affiliation to the university of Ibadan) In partial Fulfilment for the Award of Bachelor degree in Philosophy.

COURSE: TEE/301

HISTORY OF NIGERIA EDUCATION

LECTURER

REV. FR. EMMANUEL OGU, OP (PhD)

MAY, 2012.

CONTENT

Introduction

1. The word “education”

2. Spread of Islam and Islamic Scholarship in Nigeria

3. Education in Northern Nigeria

1. Indigenous Education

3.2 Islamic Education

3.3 Qur’anic School

a. Makarantar Allo

b. Makarantar ‘llmi
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It is in this sense that the concept of education will be understood and used in this presentation.

2. Spread of Islam and Islamic Scholarship in Nigeria

At about the 8th century AD, the spread of Islam reached Savannah region of West Africa and it is from this date that the written history of West Africa is marked.[4] As Islam was spreading, the commercial link established with the North Africa was also improving. Trade and commerce also paved way for the introduction of new elements of material culture and made possible the intellectual development which naturally followed the introduction of literacy, and for which parts of the Sudan were to become famous in centuries to come.

But Islam came in contact with Hausaland at about 14th century and it is said that forty Wangarawa traders were responsible for introducing Islam to Kano during the reign of Ali Yaji, who ruled Kano from 1349 to 1385.[5] They built a Mosque and appointed an Imam who took charge of their worship. This act attracted much people like the Fulani scholars who immigrated to study Islamic theology and jurisprudence in Kano, and also scholars from Timbuktu to teach and preach Islam. During the 15th century, Al- Maghili went to Katsina which had already become a center of Islamic learning. Many other scholars also visited the state like; scholars