History of Islam Essay

2057 Words 9 Pages
Pre Islamic Era:
The word ‘Islam’ refers to the submission to God Almighty. It is described as ‘Deen’ in the Holy Quran which means way of life. The people who follow Islam are known as Muslims and the word itself means the one who surrenders or submits to the will of Allah. Islam was present since forever. Before Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), many messengers were sent on this earth to bring people on the right path. All of them preached to worship one God and that the people should consider them the messenger of God. (Hakim, 2009)
The Arabian Peninsula is known as the birth place of Islam. It is one of the hottest and driest regions in the world which mainly consists of deserts. The Arabian Peninsula had two great powers The Christian
…show more content…
Prophet (p.b.u.h) was brought up by his grandfather, Hazrat Al-Muttalib. At the age of 25, he married a wealthy widow named Hazrat Khadija. She owned trading caravans. Since that age, Prophet (p.b.u.h) started interacting with the Arabs. Among the Arabs were the Hanefits who abandoned the worship of idols and were in search for the true religion.
Islamic History 605-620 CE
A. Muhammad (saws)’ call to Prophethood
At the age of 40, Prophet (p.b.u.h) received a vision from Allah in the cave Hira. He started preaching the religion of Allah. Many people who worshipped idols became his enemies. Among the first people who accepted Islam were his wife Hazrat Khadija, Ali ibn Talib (R.A), Zayd ibn Haritha (R.A) and friend Abu Bakr (R.A). When Hazrat Khadija and Abu Talib died, the new leader of the Hasim clan, Abu Lahab refused to protect Prophet (p.b.u.h).

B. Emigration of First Muslims to Abyssinia
Due to the hostility of the Meccans, some eighty Muslims migrated to Abyssinia to take refuge from the Meccans. The Christians in Abyssinia let the Muslims practice their religion freely that is why they were later known as the ‘people of the book’.
C. Umar (R.A)’ acceptance to Islam
In 616, Umar Ibn Al-Khattab (R.A) accepted Islam. Previously he was known to be the bitter opponent of Prophet (p.b.u.h) and was a prominent personality in Mecca. After the death of the Prophet (p.b.u.h), Hazrat Umar became the second Caliph in 634

I. Islamic History 622-627 CE
A.…