History of Judaism Essay

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Judaism is one of the most ancient religions in the world. Abraham, his descendants, and Moses are believed to have been the founders. According to Jewish beliefs until Abraham man worshiped many Gods. The story begins with Abraham and his wife Sarah trying to conceive a child. When Abraham was 99 and Sarah 90 God came to Abraham and told him they would have a son. After the child was born God again came to Abraham and tested his beliefs by asking him to sacrifice his only son Isaac. Isaac willingly went with Abraham to be sacrificed. Before Abraham could sacrifice Isaac God sent an angel down to stop him. As a reward for his faith God made a covenant with Abraham that he and his descendants would be protected as long as they continued to …show more content…
One day while Moses was out with his flock God came to him in the form of a burning bush. God told Moses that he would be the one to free the Israelites from Pharaoh. Moses went back to Egypt and asked Pharaoh to free the Israelites which he did not do. He went back several times continuing to ask for their release finally God struck Egypt with ten plagues. After this Pharaoh lets the Israelites go and Moses then leads them out of Egypt and onto the promise land as promised by God. During the journey to the promise land God came to Moses on top of Mount Sinai and gave him the Ten Commandments. These commandments are what form what we today know as the Torah.
The Torah which means to teach consists of 613 commandments. It is the belief in Judaism that since they follow the 613 commandments they are Gods chosen people. In Judaism they only go by the Old Testament not the New Testament as Christians do. They have the Torah which is often refers to the five books of Moses- Genesis/Bereshith, Exodus/Shemot, Leviticus/Vayikra, Numbers/Bamidbar, Deuteronomy - Devarim. It can also refer to the Jewish bible in its entirety which is broken into three parts. The first as stated above is called the Torah then they have the Nevi'im which is the book of Prophets. The Nevi’im consists of the followings books-Yehoshua/Joshua, Shoftim/Judges, Shmuel/I &II Samuel, Melakhim/I & II

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