History of Malayalam Cinema

5498 Words Feb 7th, 2013 22 Pages
CONTENTS

* Kerala: the legacy of visual culture……………………….…2 * The early era (1907-1950s)……………………………….…..3 * 1950s………………………………………………..……….…6 * 1960s………………………………………………..…….……8 * The Malayalam New Wave: 1970s……………………….….10 * 1980s…………………………………………………………..15 * Golden age of Malayalam Cinema…………………..……...17 * 1990s………………………………………………..……….…19 * Early-mid 2000s……………………………………………….20 * Late 2000s………………………………………………….….21 * 2010s to the present……………………………………….…..21 * Actors……………………………………………..……………22 * Kerala State Film Awards………………………………….…23 * International Film Festival of Kerala………………………..23 * Film Studios…………………………………...…………..….23 * Organizations………………………………………………….24 * Biggest Grosser of the
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Even though this film could be considered irrelevant in artistic sense, its economic success created a base to the Malayalam film industry.
Followed by the success of Balan, Jnambika was released in 1940. After Prahlada (1941), Kerala had to wait till 1948 for the next film. Nirmala (1948) directed by P J Cheriyan explored the possibility of music and songs in Malayalam cinema. Legendary Malayalam poet, G Shankara Kurup penned the lyrics for this film. Thus song-dance sequences became an essential ingredient for commercial success in Malayalam cinema.
Inspired from an imported film - Life of Christ - Phalke started mentally visualising the images of Indian gods and goddesses. What really obsessed him was the desire to see Indian images on the screen in a purely Swadeshi venture. He fixed up a studio in Dadar Main Road, wrote the scenario, erected the set and started shooting for his first venture Raja Harishchandra in 1912. The first full-length story film of Phalke was completed in 1912 and released at the Coronation cinema on April 21, 1913, for special invitees and members of the Press. The film was widely acclaimed by one and all and proved to be a great success.
It is notable that none of the Malayalam films that came before the independence of India reflected the mood of the struggle for independence and also the film that came after independence and the early 1950s reflected that torrid period of
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