History of Management Thought Revision

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Part Two

The Scientific Management Era

The purpose of Part Two is to begin with the work of Frederick W. Taylor and trace developments in management thought in Great Britain, Europe, Japan, and the U.S.A. up to about 1929. Taylor is the focal point, but we will see his followers as well as developments in personnel management and the behavioral sciences. Henri Fayol and Max Weber will be discussed, although their main influence came later, and we will conclude with an overview of the influence of scientific management in its environment.

Chapter 7

The Advent of Scientific Management

Frederick W. Taylor is one of the more widely recognized names in the management literature. Far more rare, however, is an accurate
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e. Taylor also recognized non-economic incentives, such as hope for advancement, better working conditions, etc.

5. Unions -- Taylor felt that unions wanted to base payment on class of work, not performance; thus an individual was not paid based on effort.

6. "First-Class" worker -- this was Taylor 's idea that everyone was best or first class at some type of work. There should be a match between a person 's abilities and their job placement.

7. "Functional Foreman" -- Taylor had the idea that knowledge was authority. Supervisors could not know everything about the planning and performance of the work; therefore functional specialists would provide assistance to the workers. In retrospect, Taylor had recognized the need for staff advice and assistance from people who had special abilities or knowledge.

B. Taylor after Midvale

1. He became a consultant for various firms, such as Simonds Rolling Company and Bethlehem Steel. Note and discuss “Schmidt” and the pig iron workers. Did Taylor tell a “pig-tale”?

2. What were Taylor’s views on teaching management?

3. Eastern Rate Case -- in this case before the U.S. Interstate Commerce Commission, Louis Brandeis, attorney for the shippers, used individuals to testify that the railroads did not need to increase their rates if they would adopt known
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