History of Philosophy

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Throughout the semester our class has explored a chronological look at just some of the philosophers whose works have been published over time. Throughout the readings reoccurring themes, such as religion, wisdom, knowledge, reality and life occur and each philosopher offering their own opinions. Given these works, a timeline of viewpoints can be developed and can give a decent view of the shape of philosophy over time, as well as offering insight to how the time period and location may have shaped the views of philosophers. One of the most surprising themes many of the philosophers had in common was religion. Each viewed it in their own unique way. Starting with Aristotle who was born in 384 B.C. and developed his views in Greece…show more content…
It is with these thoughts that Aristotle opens the door to wisdom in specific subjects rather than be omniscient wisdom.
Hume, a Scottish 18th century philosopher, offers yet another view on knowledge and how we treat that which we already have. His work aptly titled Of Miracles, discusses the fact that we reject anything we find absurd even if we have knowledge of it being true. He maintains that the closest thing we have to accepting these absurd truths is miracles. Hume’s assessment of miracles adds another facet to the topic of knowledge and how we treat strange and wondrous things. He chooses to address how readily we accept false knowledge simply by believing things told to us by prophets. Since they have been deemed all knowing, we take things at face value. In a way, instead of telling us how to seek knowledge and wisdom, he reprimands the human population for not seeking and questioning that which we’ve been told.
This brings around the questioning of life and what is real that has been conducted by philosophers throughout the readings. The first in the timeline is Descartes who tends to question reality excessively. He questions everything from his existence to the existence of everything around him to whether he is dreaming or awake. As the first to truly address this topic he presents a broad view point about reality that is to ‘question everything’. Descartes does concede that certain
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