History of Psychology

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What is Psychology?
Psychology is said to be the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. The study of human behavior, development, and learning; and also seeks to understand and explain thought, emotion, and behavior. Today the question we are doing falls under the History of Psychology. It deals with the earlier schools (Structuralism and Functionalism) and compares them with the most recent schools of psychology (Gestalt psychology, Psychoanalysis and Cognitive Psychology).

What is structuralism (voluntarisms)?
Structuralism is said to be an approach to the human sciences which attempts to break conscious experience, down into objective sensation. Such as sight or taste, and
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Example How habits help us cope with common situation.

Who created functionalism?
William James (1842-1910) brother of the novelist Henry James has been called the first true American psychologist.

I wish by treating psychology like a natural science to help her become written by Mr. William James.
Functionalism also involved a form of introspection called introspection by analogy. Introspection by analogy assumed that the same mental processes that occur in a human mind must also occur in the minds of animals. Just as structuralism was, functionalism was also criticized.
Gestalt Psychology
What is Gestalt Psychology? Gestalt psychology focuses on perception and how perception influences thinking and problem solving. In contrast to the behaviorist, Gestalt psychologists argued that we cannot hope to understand human nature by focusing only on overt behavior. In contrast to the structuralists, they claim that we cannot explain human perceptions, emotions, or thought processes in terms of basic units. Perception is more than the sums of their parts: Gestalt psychologists saw our perceptions as wholes that give meaning to parts. The German word Gestalt translates roughly to “patterns” or “organized whole”.
Why created Gestalt Psychology?
Gestalt Psychology began to

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