History of Psychology Paper

1294 Words6 Pages
History of Psychology Paper
May 3, 2010

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Hippocrates was very interested in the study of the living organism and its parts. He observed how the brain controlled various parts of the body. Hippocrates medical ethics are now reflected upon by many physicians. This gave rise to the biological perspective of psychology.

Following Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates around the 17th century, a big discussion of human psychology was whether or not human beings are born with a knowledge that can understand reality. The other questions were if human beings acquired knowledge through experiences and interactions. The first view is called the nativist view where human beings are thought to be born with knowledge. The opposite of the nativist view is the empiricist view, which is the thought that human beings gained knowledge through experiences. John Locke, and English professor, put forward a theory that at birth, the mind is at a blank slate, or tabula rasa, onto which experiences of what he/she sees, hears, smells, tastes and feels are written (Kaufman, 2005). In other words, a person’s knowledge can come through different senses. In modern psychology, there is still a debate as to whether or not this is true. This is called the nature versus nurture debate. This debate focuses on two sides. The first side is that biological processes affect one’s emotions and behaviors. However, the other side acknowledges that experiences can also affect a person’s behavior. In 1897, some considered Wilhelm
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