History of Welding William Barker
Welding is a method of repairing or creating metal structures by joining the pieces of metals or plastic through various fusion processes. Generally, heat is used to weld the materials. The Welding process can utilize open flames, electric arc or laser light.
Middle Ages The earliest evidence of welding can be traced back to the Bronze Age. The earliest examples of welding are gold boxes from the Bronze Age. The Egyptians also learned the art of welding. Several of their iron tools were made by welding. During the Middle Ages, blacksmiths were began to develop. Blacksmiths of the Middle Ages welded various types of iron…show more content…
Some of them included seam welding, spot welding, flash butt welding, and projection welding. Stick electrodes became the popular welding tool around this time as well.
After the end of World War I, the American Welding Society was established by Comfort Avery Adams. The aim of the society was the advancement of welding processes. The alternating current was invented in 1919 by CJ Holstag. However, it wasn’t in tell the 1930’s alternating current was commercially utilized by the welding industry.
Automatic welding was first introduced in 1920. Invented by P.O. Nobel, automatic welding integrated the use of arc voltage and bare electrode wires. It was used for repairing and molding metals. Several types of electrodes were also developed during this decade.
The New York Navy Yard developed stud welding. Stud welding was used for the construction industry and shipbuilding. It was during this time that the National Tube Company developed a welding process called smothered arc welding. In the sector of shipbuilding, the stud welding process was replaced by the more advanced submerged arc welding.
A new type of welding for seamlessly welding aluminum and magnesium was developed in 1941 by Meredith. This patented process came to be known as Heli-Arc welding. The gas shielded metal arc welding or GTAW was another significant milestone in the history of welding which was developed in Battelle Memorial Institute in 1948.