History of Sox

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History of Sarbanes Oxley and the Reasons for Enactment Virginia Knight Student ID: 6892460166 Accounting Capstone Senior Seminar in Accounting ACC 499 006016 Spring 2009 Submitted to: Professor Tee Thein June 19, 2009 Abstract: In 2002 the Sarbanes-Oxley Act was passed. This is a mandatory act that all organizations, large and small, must comply with. This legislation introduced major changes to the regulation of financial practice and corporate governance. There are eleven titles to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The act is named after its main architect, Representative Michael Oxley and Senator Paul Sarbanes. Former President Bush is quoted saying that it is intended to “deter and punish corporate and accounting fraud and…show more content…
“The results noted a distinct difference between companies that had reached compliance with SOX and those that had not.” CHAPTER 2 Eleven Titles of SOX The objective of the eleven titles of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act is to ensure that auditors remain independent; corporations and auditors are accountable to the public for the numbers they publish; an independent body governs financial reporting processes; sufficient measures are in place to deter fraudulent activity; financial activities are transparent enough to allow fraud detection to occur; and if fraud is detected, someone is held responsible. Public Company Accounting Oversights Board Section 101 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act establishes the Public Company Accounting Oversights Board (PCAOB). The Board consists of five financially-literate members that are appointed for five-year terms. Three of these members must not be a CPA currently nor have been one in the past. The other two members must be, previously or currently, a certified public accountant. The main focus of this Board is (1) to register along with discipline accounting firms that prepare audit reports on companies that are public; (2) conduct inspections and/or investigations of registered accounting firms that audit public companies; and (3) establish audit and accounting standards. Auditor Independence Sections 201, 203 and 204 outline the
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