History of Special Education

Decent Essays
History of Special Education The field of education has been around for a very long time, but special education has not always been around. In fact, for many years it wasn’t even accepted in the world of education. In the past, students with special needs were often not allowed to go to public school because of their disabilities. However, in today’s world, they have a right to free public education and most of the time benefit greatly from some of the resources that are available. Special education has come a long ways over the years and still has room for growth and improvement. There have been many court cases that have led the field of special education where it is today. In 1892, Homer Plessy, an African American man, bought a…show more content…
A well-known court case the Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas of 1954 played a role in the field of education. The idea of students having the right to get an education was something that became more prevalent after this case. Also, the idea of segregation being separate but equal was decided that it shouldn’t be true within the schools (Daigle, 2011). This was a huge turning point for special education as students with special needs shouldn’t be denied the right to an education. In the Mills vs. Board of Education court ruling helped with the idea of students with disabilities rights to a free education and that they would be provided this education regardless of if the school district to pay or not. Money was, and still is, a big issue when it comes to education and it has been helpful in the world of special education to know that students have the right to the education despite the money. In 1975, PL 94-142 otherwise known as the Education for the Handicapped Act was written. The purpose of this was to provide “a free appropriate public education which emphasizes special education and related services designed to meet their unique needs, to assure that the rights of handicapped children and their parents or guardians are protected… and to assess and assure the effectiveness of efforts to educate handicapped children (Gargulio, 2015).” This was a big part of special education and was the base of many
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