History of Telephone

1832 Words8 Pages



Early Telephone Development 3

The Beginning (1876-1900) 4

The New Century (1901-1940) 6

Modern Time (1940-Today) 6




A few centuries ago, there were only a few kinds of communication that people can use. They could speak to each other, they can use smoke as a means of communication to send their message from one place to another or they could use mail. Later on, they also had telegram. During the modern age, telephone is one of the most important inventions in the field of communications. It is a disruptive technology that had made other means of communication become obsolete. Nowadays, it has played an irreplaceable role in our
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From the moment Alexander Graham Bell spoke “Mr. Watson, come here, I want you.” into his experimental telephone on March 10, 1876, an industry was born. In July of 1877, Gardiner Hubbard, George Sanders and Bell formed the Bell Telephone Company. The Charles Williams shop made the first telephones under the direction of Watson, who in effect was the Research and Development Department of the company. In mid-1878, Theodore Vail was assigned as the new general manager of the Bell Company. The Bell company had 10,000 phones in service at this time.

Figure 9, 10&11: Alexander Graham Bell, Elisha Gray and Bell’s original telephone .
Figure 12: The first commercial switchboard

Go back one year, on January, 28 1878, the first commercial switchboard began operating in New Haven, Connecticut. With the invention of the switchboard, exchanges opened rapidly across the country. On February 21, the world's first telephone directory was produced by George Williard Coy and a group of investors in the New Haven District Telephone Company at 219 Chapel Street which was a single paper consists of only fifty names. On August 1, Thomas Watson invented the phone ringer. Previously, people used a crude thumper to signal the called party, hoping someone would be around to hear it. The ringer was an important success to the future of telephony
In 1889 the first public
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