History of Theatre Lesson Notes Essay

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Lesson 1: Origins of Theatre Learning objectives: List the performance elements and understand their role in both ritual and theatre: time, place, participants (players, audience), scenario (agenda/goal/text/rules), clothing (uniform, costume, mask, makeup), sound (speech, music), movement (gesture, pantomime, dance), and function or purpose. Can be clock or fictional time, places vary (designed to meet needs), rituals might take place in one space or they might involve a procession with portions of the ritual being performed at various places along the way, elements can be combined, ritual and theatre employ the same basic elements as other human activities do but have diff purposes in mind and choose the particular form needed 4 each…show more content…
Egyptians maintained an advanced civilization for some 3k years and never developed theatrically beyond ritualized performances, repeating the same ceremonies year after year for centuries. Theirs was a society that resisted changes that might have led to an autonomous theatre. Define the vocabulary terms and state their significance to theatre history: performance elements-activities which encompass most human transactions and make use of a number of common elements: time, place, sound, etc. How they are treated and for what purpose, distinguishes one kind of transaction from another. Ritual-a religious or solemn ceremony consisting of a series of actions performed according to a prescribed order (theory that theatre originated from this, stories arise from these and this leads to reenactments of them). Cultural Darwinism-theory about evolution of biological species that theorists who came up with the ritual origination extended to include cultural phenomena-and consequently they assumed that human institutions including theatre, evolved through a process in which there was a steady development from the simple to the complex. They also assumed that societies that had evolved such autonomous arts as theatre were superior to those in which the arts had not been separated from ritual. They also believed that, since all societies evolve through
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