History of Trade Unionism in India

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CHAPTER 111 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF TRADEUNIONISM IN INDIA 3 1 Introduction . 3 2 Workers Organisation - A Necessity and its Realisation in India . 3 3 History of Indian Trade Union . 3 4 Labour Legislation . 3 5 Trade Union and Related Legislation . 3 6 Functions of Unions . 3 7 Objectives of Trade Unions . 3 8 Reasons for Workers to Join Trade Unions . 39 Essentials of a Successful Trade Union . 3 1 Advantages and Disadvantages of Trade Unions .0 3 1 Patterns and Structure of Unions in India .1 3.12 Types of Unions 3.13 Factors Affecting the Growth of Trade Unions 3.14 Statutory Necessities of Trade Unions. References The institution of Trade union, though comparatively recent in origin has become a powerful force by way of…show more content…
Lokhandey. As a result of their concrete efforts there was awakening among the workers and they had formed a few trade untons l ~ k e The Prlnters Un~on,Calcutta (1905) the Bombay Postal Unton (1907) etc Yet the necesstty of having workers organisatton on a large scale was reallsed only after the 1 ' World War Therefore, labour leaders itke Mahatma Gandht had gtven due 1tnpetu5to the organtsatton of workers Gandhijt had realised the necessity of organising and combining the workers into tl-ade unions, as he had experienced from his close association with working class that the labour relations in India were not just and balancing. On one side, the one party i.e., capital (employers) were properly organised, entrenched and were having control over the market; whereas the other party i.e., labour (employees) was so much disunited and disorganised that it was working under the grossest superstitions3.So much that it could not even imagine, what to say of thinking that its wages have to be dictated by capitalists instead of demanding on its own terms.4 Moreover its intelligence was cramped by the mechanical occupation as it had little scope or chance to develop their mind. ' Due to this very reason it was prevented "from realising the power and full dignity of their tatu us."^ Keeping this attention on both these parties i.e. Capital and Labour (Employers and
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