History of World War I

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World War I - Causes Introduction What were the conflicts and tensions in Europe that resulted in World War I, a war that took the lives of an estimated 9.45 million (from both war casualties and disease)? This paper delves into the reasons behind the outbreak of war in 1914 in Europe. The Scholarly Literature on Causes Leading to WWI Professors Greg Cashman and Leonard C. Robinson (of Salisbury University, Maryland) go deep into matters vis-Ã -vis the roots of WWI. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary of course was the spark that lit the fires of rage in Europe leading to all-out war, ""¦one of the most destructive wars in history" (Cashman, et al, 2007, p. 27). But the root cause goes back to the ""¦creation of a unified German state under Prussian leadership in 1871" which resulted from Prussian defeats of France, Denmark, and Austria (Cashman, 30). A "dynamic" and "unified German state in the center of Europe "significantly changed the global distribution of power," the authors explain. The German population grew from 49 million in 1890 to 66 million in 1913 and moreover, Germany's military and industrial power grew exponentially and hence, Germany presented a threat to its neighbors (Cashman, 30). Germany saw itself at this time "as surrounded by potential enemies," and this reality created tensions. Meanwhile a peer-reviewed article in The History Teacher points to several of the "big causes" that resulted in WWI: "the alliance
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