History of the Battle of Shiloh

1902 Words8 Pages
Introduction The Battle of Shiloh is historically known as one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War. Part of the Western Campaign, Shiloh came on the heels of Union victories at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson, primarily as a Confederate attempt to halt the Union's advance into the deep South. Though causes of the Union victory at Shiloh may be disputed, the significance of this Battle to the War's outcome is undeniable. Analysis When, Where and Why the Battle of Shiloh Took Place The Battle of Shiloh took place on April 6-7, 1862 (Daniel, 1997, p. 319) in southern Tennessee's Hardin County, particularly at Pittsburg Landing (Groom, 2012, p. 41). The short answer to why this Battle took place is that the Confederacy wanted to stop the Union's advance far into Tennessee and eventually into Mississippi by a surprise attack on Ulysses S. Grant's "Army of the Tennessee" before Union Major General Don Carlos Buell's "Army of the Ohio" could arrive and join Grant's forces (Groom, 2012, p. 141). The long answer to why this Battle took place can be found in the two prior Confederate losses at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson in February, 1862, and the consequences of those losses. The captures of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson were the first two Union victories since the beginning of the War on April 12, 1861 (Woodworth, 2011, p. 89). The Union capture of Fort Henry in western Tennessee on February 6, 1862 allowed Union forces to move 12 miles east overland to Fort Donelson
Open Document