History of the Fbi Essay

726 WordsDec 16, 20053 Pages
History of the FBI The Federal Bureau of Investigation was founded in 1908 when the Attorney General appointed an anonymous force of 34 Special Agents to be investigators for the Department of Justice. Before that, the DOJ had to borrow Agents from the U.S. Secret Service. In 1909, the Special Agent Force was renamed the Bureau of Investigation, and after countless name changes, it became The Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1935. When the FBI was established, there weren't an abundance of federal crimes, so it investigated criminal acts that dealt with national banking, bankruptcy, naturalization, antitrust, peonage, and land fraud. In June of 1910, the FBI grew larger because the "Mann Act" (Made it a crime to transport women to…show more content…
Around this time, Americans feared the invasion of Communism, which triggered the FBI to investigate people within the U.S. whom were suspected of sabotage and undermining Democracy in the name of Communism. The FBI's role in fighting crime grew yet again after the Korean war. On March 14, 1950, the FBI began its "Ten Most Wanted Fugitives" List to further increase the FBI's capacity to capture exceptionally dangerous criminals. Many advances in Forensic Sciences helped the FBI to become even more capable to assist local and state law enforcement agencies to catch criminals. By this time the number of FBI agents had made a steady climb to about 6,200, and in 1957 the FBI's budget started to rapidly increase. In the 1960s, civil rights and organized crime became major concerns of the FBI, and counterterrorism, drugs, financial crime, and violent crimes in the 1970s. During the 60's, Congress passed many new federal laws for the FBI to combat civil rights violations, racketeering, and gambling. Some of these new laws were the Civil Rights Acts of 1960 and 1964; the 1961 Crimes Aboard Aircraft Act; an expanded Federal Fugitive Act; and the Sports Bribery Act of 1964. By the end of the 1960s, the FBI had 6,703 Special Agents, 9,320 Support Personnel, and 58 field offices. Another new FBI jurisdiction came into play when President Kennedy was assassinated. The

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