History of the Telegraph Essay

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The electric telegraph is a now outdated communication system that was used to transmit electric signals over wires from location to location that translated into a message by people at stations.

The non-electric telegraph was invented by Claude Chappe in 1794. This system was visual and used a semaphore, an alphabet based on flag language, and depended on a line of sight for communication. This “optical telegraph” was replaced by the electric telegraph, eventually.

In 1809, a crude telegraph was invented in Bavaria by Samuel Soemmering. He used 35 wires with gold electrodes in water and at the receiving end 2000 feet the message was read by the amount of gas caused by electrolysis. In 1828, the first telegraph in the USA. was
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However, it was Samuel Morse that would go down in history for bettering Joseph Henry's invention. Samuel made sketches of a "magnetized magnet" based on Henry's work. He then went on to invent a telegraph system that was a practical and commercial success.




Samuel Morse
While he was a professor of arts and design at the New York University in 1835, Samuel Morse proved that signals could be transmitted by wire. He used impulses of electrical current to deflect an electromagnet, which moved a marker to produce written codes on a strip of paper - thus the invention of Morse Code. The following year, the device was modified to emboss the paper with dots and dashes. Samuel gave a public demonstration in 1838, but it was not until five years later that the Congress funded $30,000 to construct an experimental telegraph line from Washington to Baltimore, a distance of 40 miles.
Six years later, members of Congress witnessed the sending and receiving of messages over part of the telegraph line. Before the line had reached Baltimore, the Whig party held its national convention there, and on May 1, 1844, nominated Henry Clay. This news was hand-carried to Annapolis Junction (between Washington and Baltimore) where Samuel's partner, Alfred Vail, wired it to the Capitol. This was the first news dispatched by electric telegraph.
Samuel Morse is best known as the inventor of the…