Histrionic Personality Disorder

1700 Words Jul 3rd, 2013 7 Pages
Running Head: HISTRIONIC PERSONALITY DISORDER

Histrionic Personality Disorder

Abstract

This paper describes the characteristics, causes, diagnosis, and treatment of an individual with Histrionic Personality Disorder (HPD). These individuals display a pervasive pattern of excessive emotionality and attention-seeking behavior. The exact cause of this disorder is not known, but it has been linked to learned and inherited behavior. Diagnosing HPD can be difficult because it is similar to other personality disorders. Part of the focus of treatment is to help the individual uncover the motivations and fears associated with their thoughts and behavior.
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The exact cause of histrionic personality disorder is not known, but many mental health professionals believe that both learned and inherited factors play a role in its development. For example, the tendency for histrionic personality disorder to run in families suggests that a genetic susceptibility for the disorder might be inherited. However, the child of a parent with this disorder might simply be repeating learned behavior. Other environmental factors that might be involved include lack of criticism or punishment as a child, positive reinforcement that is given only when a child completes certain approved behaviors, and unpredictable attention given to a child by his or her parents, all leading to confusion about what types of behavior earn parental approval. The diagnosis of histrionic personality disorder is complicated because it may seem like many other disorders, and also because it commonly occurs simultaneously with other personality disorders. The diagnosis of HPD is frequently made on the basis of an individual’s history and results from a psychological evaluation. The DSM, a widely used manual for diagnosing mental disorders, requires that five (or more) criteria be met for a diagnosis of HPD. A mnemonic that can be used to remember the criteria for histrionic personality