Hiv And Its Infection Dynamics

2079 Words May 8th, 2016 9 Pages
Abstract HIV is one of the most feared diseases around the globe since its “discovery” in 1981. HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus and is caused by Lentivirus, which is a subgroup of Retroviridae (Douek et al. 2009). HIV is one of the more dangerous diseases known because there is currently no known cure and will infect roughly 50,000 people in the United States alone each year (CDC 2016). HIV is a terrible disease that has taken the world by storm. While originally only known as a homosexual disease, that false perception has been shattered as the disease continued to spread. The origin of HIV is not entirely known, though there is strong evidence to support the idea that it originated in a chimpanzee in West Africa. They believe that there was a spillover event in which simian immunodeficiency virus, SIV, mutated to become what we know as human immunodeficiency virus. HIV is currently an incurable but treatable disease that infects cell mediated immunity and destroys the patient’s immune system. Understanding HIV and its infection dynamics are an important step in turning these treatments into cures.
Introduction
The origin of HIV is believed to be from a chimpanzee in West Africa. There are hunters who kill these chimpanzees for their meat, which has led to constant blood exposure for these hunters, which is a perfect opportunity for a spillover event to occur. HIV will eventually cause AIDS or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS falls on the furthest…
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