Hiv And The Transmission Of Hiv

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Epidemiology:

HIV is known to be transmitted through blood products, semen and vaginal secretions, making the transmission of HIV infection most commonly through sexual contact and IV drug use. HIV can enter the body through contact with the bloodstream or by passing through delicate mucous membranes, such as inside the vagina, rectum or urethra (The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: HIV/AIDS, 2015). The transmission routes for HIV make unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected partner the number one reason for why HIV is on the rise. Often times this transmission route is the most dangerous, because those that are affected with the HIV infection do not know they have it unless they have been tested by their health care provider.
The modes of transmission of HIV are very similar to those of hepatitis B and hepatitis C, in particular with respect to parenteral, vertical and sexual transmission. Even though certain sexual practices are dodgier than others, with respect to anal intercourse and oral sex, it is difficult to justify the risk of acquiring HIV through these practices themselves. As many people who are infected with HIV engage in multiple practices of sexual intercourse with multiple partners, it is difficult to pinpoint the direct route of transmission in which the person acquired HIV. It has been estimated that the risk for acquiring HIV is from receptive anal intercourse is between 1:100 and 1:30 and insertive anal intercourse is 1:1000, while
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