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Hiv ( Human Immunodeficiency Virus ) Essay

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HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that mainly attacks the T-Cell which are used in the immune system to fight off infections. HIV left untreated leads to the disease AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). When T-Cell accounts are sparse, the body is predisposed to getting infections. (aids.gov) HIV is transmitted parenteral or sexually. (Palmisano, Vella) Around 1 and 4 people living with HIV in the United States are women. In 2014 women made up 19% (8,328) of estimate HIV diagnosis in the United States. (cdc.gov) In the 19% of women infected with HIV, many of whom are mothers, affects the life expectancy of infants during the pregnancy, birth, and gestational period. Breastfeeding in terms of gestational feeding has become a gateway of transferring the HIV virus to a non-infected infants after birth. Breastfeeding newborns and infants are known to be the ideal choice in child nutrition. (Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics) Breast milk provides the crucial nutrients and vitamins needed for child development and immunity. Breastfeeding has been proven to decrease childhood obesity, ear infections, respiratory illnesses, hypertension, and sudden infant death syndrome. Breastfeeding, being the ideal choice, raises some important and rather controversial questions whether a mother who is HIV positive is able to breastfeed an infant who is born without the signs of HIV. There are many precarious possibilities of breastfeeding an infant who does not have HIV while
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