Hiv, Or Human Immunodeficiency Virus

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Question 1

HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus, attacks the human immune system and greatly weakens the body’s ability to fight foreign invaders and infection. HIV first demanded notice in the early 1980s in the United States in homosexual men displaying illnesses like Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and Kaposi’s sarcoma. The disease was soon observed in IV drug users, hemophiliacs, and blood transfusion recipients, but became publicized as a “gay disease,” nicknamed by the media as GRID, or Gay-Related Immuno Deficiency. It was later renamed AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome, in September of 1982. Before the true cause of the disease had been discovered, it had killed countless people and received immense press coverage, and the infection rate was rampant, because the cause was unknown and thus no treatment method could be developed.
Finally, in 1983, two separate research teams, lead by Robert Gallo and Luc Montagnier of the Pasteur Institute in isolated a retrovirus that was the true infectious agent responsible for the development of AIDS. Gallo’s team named the virus HTLV-III and Montagnier’s team coined it as LAV, or lymphadenopathy-associated virus. Later, it was discovered that the two viruses were exactly the same; it was renamed as Human Immunodeficiency Virus, and Gallo and Montagnier now share the credit its discovery.
Although HIV/AIDS wasn’t noticed in the United States until the 1980s and didn’t have an identified cause until 1983, the virus and
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