Hobbes Rousseau Views On Human Nature

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Hobbes’ and Rousseau’s views of human nature.
Human nature refers to the peculiar traits—including ways we think and feel about our actions-which naturally humans have, independent of the influence of culture. The most important questions of philosophy are based on traits, how fixed they are and their causes.
Thomas Hobbes (1588 – 1679) and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 – 1778) methodically ascertain the basic mechanism that guarantee the formation of human communities that gives rise to the formation of governing entities, despite an initial set of covenants that people agreed to enter into, in order to strengthen their prospects for personality for self-preservation by being members of a greater society. Their divergent views can be broadly grouped in to a state of nature and social contract. To Hobbes, the state of nature would be anarchic, solitary, cruel, savage existence where no law or peace could exist, and a perpetual state of war would be the norm; where people think of their own interests over others and people live in constant fear and immorality (Hobbes, 1651). Rousseau on the other hand, argues that men are born
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That man cannot allow to be forcefully assaulted or his life taken away.Rousseau argues that natural law is morality which embraces self preservation without causing harm to others; that whatever you need to do to survive is good but as much as possible, not in the extent of harming others.
Although, Hobbes and Rousseau greatly diverge about the structure and mode of governance that is to ensue from the social contract, they both concur that the consent of the governed is necessary to legitimize a political society. Rousseau, like Hobbes, believed that before the advent of social communities. man had resided on a flat surface that can be called the state of nature, and that in the absence of such a pact, the individual is transported back to that
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